India: Water Shortages with Plenty of Rainfall. Why?

Can you imagine the days when you turn on the faucet at home but with no water running out? This is daily life of Indian families.

Of the 17 countries facing the highest level of water stress, India receives the maximum annual rainfall, according to an analysis by World Resource Institute (WRI). All other countries on the list receive almost only half of India’s annual rainfall and have fewer natural water sources. Even within India, all nine states and union territories that report the worst water stress lie in the Indo-Gangetic plain, which has a web of big and small rivers and lakes.

Why is India water-stressed despite widespread rainfall and a large number of water sources?

Reasons for India’s Water Stress

Mismanagement of water:
Inefficient agriculture that uses up to 80% of all water resources in India is one of the primary reasons for its water stress. And groundwater extraction, which provides for 40% of the country’s water needs, is significantly more than recharge.

The 17 countries dealing with acute water stress are home to nearly a quarter of the world’s population (1.75 billion). India ranks 13th on the list but at 1.36 billion, its population is more than triple of the total of the other 16 countries facing water crisis. About 600 million Indians are dealing with high-to-extreme water stress, and about 200,000 people die every year due to inadequate access to safe water.

Climate change, which leads to erratic rainfalls, is also exacerbating this crisis.

Would you use water differently?

To raise awareness of water scarcity, TGB Charity released an interactive video, in which each person has only one bucket of water to use every day. You can experience how water impacts on human survival in the interactive video.

As a part of this initiative, TGB Charity is also supporting – donating $50,000 USD to help bring safe water to families in need around the world.

Imagine a Life without Clean Water.

Sanitary Workshops in Gujarat, India

As one of the states grappling with water crisis, Gujarat has a population of over 60 million. People living there have little access to safe water and sanitary, especially the vulnerable girls.

Together with Saath Charitable Trust and Unipads India, TGB Charity carried out 186 menstrual hygiene management workshops in Gujarat, providing 12,000 school girls with reusable sanitary pad kits.

A period is not an end, but a START.

  • Business Standard.
  • The Conversation.
  • TGB Charity.

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